Examples User’s Guide¶
The Proprietary RF examples are split into 2 types:
- RF Driver Examples
- EasyLink Examples
The RF driver offers very low-level API’s to run radio operation commands on the RF core and send and receive raw packets.
The EasyLink layer is an abstraction layer above the RF driver API’s for the more convenience. It uses the RF driver and executes radio operation commands. The EasyLink library was developed to be simple enough for developers to extend for their needs and should be seen as a starting point for adding an API on top of the RF driver. The EasyLink examples show how to develop an RF application on top of the EasyLink API.
Although all examples are for 868/915 MHz operation, they all support multiple PHYs and frequency bands. You can provide your own RF settings with any example, allowing you to change both PHY and frequency band as you see fit.
See Section about RF settings for more information on what they are and how to use them.
RF Driver Examples¶
The RF Driver examples can be imported from the following SDK directory:
Basic example for RF performance measurements and testing, written directly on top of the TI-RTOS RF driver. Set the radio into various test modes. Transmission of modulated or unmodulated signal. Easy to change radio configuration. Use radio settings exported from SmartRF Studio.
|Dual Mode Rx/Tx:|
(CC1350 Only) Dual Mode Rx/Tx shows how to setup a multi-mode radio. This example in particular configures the radio with BLE and proprietary PHY.
The Echo Tx example transmits a packet and immediately switches over to receiver mode and waits for its echo. The Echo Rx example starts in receiver mode and transmits back any received packets (echo).
|Listen Before Talk:|
The Listen Before Talk (LBT) example illustrates how to implement a simple, proprietary LBT algorithm using the command chaining feature of the CC13x0 family.
|Packet Error Rate:|
The Packet Error Rate (PER) example showcases different RF transfer modes of the CC13x0. Multiple packets are transmitted or received and the packet error rate is calculated. The result is shown on an LCD/UART display.
Simple examples that show how to send and receive packets using the RF driver.
|Synchronized Packet Rx/Tx:|
In this example you will learn how to build a time-synchronized connection between a transmitter and a receiver. This leads to the lowest possible power consumption on both sides. Time synchronization also builds the foundation for Frequency and Time Division Multiple Access, FDMA and TDMA respectively.
|Wake On Radio Rx/Tx:|
These examples showcase the Wake-on-Radio (WoR) functionality of the CC13x0 family to significantly lower the power consumption of an RF link by duty cycling the RF core. It shows how to use the RF Driver to schedule automatic wake-ups and send messages with long preambles.
RF Settings; What are they and how to use them¶
All proprietary RF applications require a set of RF settings, often referred to as “smartrf_settings”, in order to achieve optimum performance for a specific PHY. Be aware that this is not only required for the proprietary PHY, but also all other PHYs, such as BLE, IEEE 802.15.4, etc.
These RF settings, usually represented as a single pair of C header and source files in your project, must at minimum define a Setup Radio Operation command, RF core firmware patches, and RF core register overrides. Additional RF commands can be defined which are relevant to your PHY and application. See PHY Configuration for a more in-depth explanation of how the actual configuration works.
Exporting and Using RF Settings¶
The main tool used for configuring, testing and exporting RF settings is SmartRF Studio. A dedicated SimpleLink Academy exists explaining the process on how to configure, export and include the exported RF settings into your application, see link below.
- SimpleLink Academy: Exporting RF settings from SmartRF Studio
Running Examples in Code Composer Studio (CCS)¶
The following walks through importing and building one of the proprietary RF examples using the CCS IDE and the TI Resource Explorer.
If CCS is not already installed; download and install CCS from the Code Composer Studio tool page.
If it is installed it is recommended that you install the available updates.
Download and install the SimpleLink CC13x0 SDK from here:
This step is recommended, but optional as the TI Resource explorer can download the examples from the resource explorer server. The rest of this section will assume that you have downloaded the SDK.
Open CCS, and use the menu option
View-> Resource Explorer.
Browse to the example of interest in the Resource Explorer.
EasyLink examples can be found in the EasyLink folder and the RF Driver examples can be found in the TI Drivers directory.
Select the CCS or GCC compiler, we recommend using the CCS compiler, but compiling with GCC in the CCS IDE is also possible. Then select the example name and click the CCS icon in the top left to import it into your workspace.
You will notice that 2 projects have been included in the workspace:
As well as the example selected there is also the tirtos_builds project which is a platform and compiler specific TIRTOS build. This will only build once and is shared by all the projects for that platform and compiler in your workspace.
Build and download and debug the project by clicking on the ‘bug’. The first time it will take some time due to the TI-RTOS build.
Click run to run the example.
Running Examples in IAR¶
Please make sure you’re using the IAr version which is recomended in the SimpleLink CC13x0 SDK release notes.If IAR Arm Workbench is not already installed, download and install IAR Workbench for Arm from http://www.iar.com .
Download and install the SimpleLink CC13x0 SDK from here:
Open IAR and create a new workspace with the menu option
File -> New -> Workspace
You can use this workspace for one or more examples.
Import the IAR Custom Argument Variables file with the menu option
Tools -> Configure Custom Argument Variables. The location and file to be imported is
Save the Workspace with the menu option
File -> Save Workspace As....
To enable the Custom Argument Variables for this workspace close and open the workspace with the menu options
File -> Close Workspaceand
File -> Open -> Workspace.
Select the menu option
Help -> Information Centerand select the Integrated Solutions icon:
Select the Texas Instruments Example projects and then click on the example applications link.
Follow the instructions on this page to import and build the project.
When you click on one of the examples, it will ask you to place a copy of the project file in another folder. Save it in a sub-folder of your workspace. If you are going to import only one example into your workspace, you can put the project file into the same folder as the workspace file.
Download and debug the example with the menu option
Project -> Download and Debug.
Building Examples From the Command Line¶
All examples can be built from command line using plain makefiles in 3 steps:
- Configure the toolchain paths
- Build the kernel (only when using TI-RTOS kernel)
- Build the example
To avoid problems with spaces in paths, it is recommended to use a Unix shell like Bash as command line environment instead of the native command interpreter cmd.exe in Windows.
The toolchain paths are configured in a
imports.mak in the SDK
installation root folder. Open the file in an editor and modify the toolchain
install paths lines depending on which toolchain you are going to use and
where they are installed on your system.
# The shown versions are just examples. XDC_INSTALL_DIR ?= c:/ti/xdctools_3_50_03_33_core CCS_ARMCOMPILER ?= c:/ti/ccsv7/tools/compiler/ti-cgt-arm_16.9.3.LTS GCC_ARMCOMPILER ?= c:/ti/ccsv7/tools/compiler/gcc-arm-none-eabi-6-2017-q1-update IAR_ARMCOMPILER ?= c:/Program Files (x86)/IAR Systems/Embedded Workbench 8.0/arm
Once that is done, the TI-RTOS kernel can be built. This step is not necessary
for No-RTOS examples. In order to build the kernel, select a specific
development board and build the
release configuration. The makefile can be
found in the folder
$ cd /c/ti/simplelink_cc13x0_sdk_1_xx_xx_xx/kernel/tirtos/builds/CC1310_LAUNCHXL/release/gcc $ make
Finally, the examples can be built. Navigate to the desired example and invoke make:
$ cd /c/ti/simplelink_cc13x0_sdk_1_xx_xx_xx/rtos/CC1310_LAUNCHXL/drivers/rfSynchronizedPacketRx/tirtos/gcc $ make -j4
.out file is a regular
ELF file that can be flashed to
the device or converted into a binary or an Intel Hex file for other purpose,
for instance, over-the-air download. Example for objcopy from the GNU
$ arm-none-eabi-objcopy -S --gap-fill 0xff -O binary rfSynchronizedPacketRx.out rfSynchronizedPacketRx.bin $ arm-none-eabi-objcopy -S -O ihex rfSynchronizedPacketRx.out rfSynchronizedPacketRx.hex